The Decline of the Mughal Empire | Indian History

In this article we will discuss about the decline of the Mughal empire. The great Mughal Empire, the envy of its contemporaries for almost two centuries, declined and disintegrated during the first half of the eighteenth century. The Mughal emperors lost their power and glory and their empire shrank to a few square miles around […]

The Growth of Communalism in India

Along with the rise of nationalism, communalism too made its appearance around the end of the nineteenth century and posed the biggest threat to the unity of the Indian people and the national movement. Before we discuss the emergence and growth of communalism, it is perhaps necessary to define the term. Communalism is basically an […]

The Struggle for Swaraj (1919-27) | Indian History

In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Introduction to the Struggle for Swaraj 2. The Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms 3. The Rowlatt Act 4. Mahatma Gandhi Assumes Leadership 5. Gandhiji and his Ideas 6. Champaran Satyagraha (1917) 7. Ahmedabad Mill Strike 8. Satyagraha Against the Rowlatt Act 9. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre 10. The Khilafat and Non-Cooperation […]

The Nationalist Movement (1905-18) | Indian History

In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Introduction to Nationalist Movement (1905-18) 2. Recognition of the True Nature of British Rule 3. Growth of Self-Respect and Self-Confidence 4. Grow of Education and Unemployment 5. International Influences 6. Existence of a Militant Nationalist School of Thought and Other Details. Contents: Introduction to Nationalist Movement (1905-18) […]

The Struggle for Swaraj (1927-47) | Indian History

In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Emergence of New Forces 2. Boycott of the Simon Commission 3. Poorna Swaraj 4. Nationalist Politics, 1935-1939 5. The Peasants’ and Workers’ Movements 6. Congress and World Affairs 7. People’s Struggle in the Princely States 8. Growth of Communalism 9. Post-War Struggle. Contents: Emergence of New Forces […]

Religious and Social Reforms in India after 1858

In this article we will discuss about the religious and social reforms in India after 1858. Religious Reform in India: Filled with the desire to adapt their society to the requirements of the modern world of science, democracy and nationalism, and determined to let no obstacle stand in the way, thoughtful Indians set out to […]

Economic Impact of the British Rule in India | Indian History

In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Disruption of the Traditional Economy 2. Ruin of Artisans and Craftsmen 3. Impoverishment of the Peasantry 4. Ruin of Old Zamindars and Rise of New Landlordism 5. Stagnation and Deterioration of Agriculture 6. Development of Modern Industries 7. Poverty and Famines. Contents: Disruption of the Traditional Economy […]

The Nationalist Movement (1858-1905) | Indian History

In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Consequence of Foreign Domination 2. Western Thought and Education 3. The Role of the Press and Literature 4. Rediscovery of India’s Past 5. The Indian National Congress 6. Defence of Civil Rights 7. Methods of Political Work. Contents: Consequence of Foreign Domination Western Thought and Education The […]

Administrative Changes in India after 1858 | Indian History

In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Administration 2. Provincial Administration 3. Local Bodies 4. Chances in the Army 5. Public Services 6. Relations with the Princely States 7. Administrative Policies 8. Racial Antagonism 9. Foreign Policy. The Revolt of 1857 gave a severe jolt to the British administration in India and made its […]

Pioneers of Reform in Western India | Indian History

In this article we will discuss about the pioneers of reform in western India. The impact of Western ideas was felt much earlier in Bengal than in Western India which was brought under effective British control as late as 1818. Bal Shastri Jambekar was one of the first reformers in Bombay. He attacked Brahmanical orthodoxy […]

Social and Cultural Awakening in the Nineteenth Century | India

In this article we will discuss about the intellectuals who contributed towards the social and cultural awakening in India during the nineteenth century. Rammohun Roy: The central figure in this awakening was Rammohun Roy, who is rightly regarded as the first great leader of modern India. Rammohun Roy was moved by deep love for his […]

The British Administration in India

The following points highlight the three pillars on which the British administration of India was based. The three pillars are: 1. Civil Services 2. Army 3. Police. 1. Civil Services: The Civil Service was brought into existence by Lord Cornwallis. We know that the East India Company had from the beginning carried on its trade […]

Spread of Modern Education during British Rule | Indian History

In this article we will discuss about the spread of modern education during British rule in India. The British were more successful in the introduction of modern education. Of course the spread of modern education was not solely the work of the government: the Christian missionaries and a large number of enlightened Indians also played […]

Economic Policies in India During British Rule | Indian History

The following points highlight the top three British economic policies in India. The policies are: 1. Commercial Policy 2. Land Revenue Policy 3. The Drain of Wealth Policy. 1. Commercial Policy: From 1600 to 1757 the East India Company’s role in India was that of a trading corporation which brought goods or precious metals into […]

Structure of Government during the British Rule in India

In this article we will discuss about the structure of government during British rule in India. When the officials of the East India Company acquired control over Bengal in 1765, they had little intention of making any innovations in its administration. They only desired to carry on their profitable trade and collect taxes for remission […]

Settlement of Land during the British Rule | Indian History

The following points highlight the three main types of settlement of land during the British rule. The types are: 1. The Permanent Settlement 2. The Ryotwari Settlement 3. The Mahalwari System. Settlement of Land: Type # 1. The Permanent Settlement: We have seen that in 1765, the East India Company acquired the Diwani, or control […]