The civilisation of ancient China grew up on the river banks of Yang- Tse-Kiang, Hwang-ho and Si-Kiang.
The geography of China separated it from other countries of the world for a long time.
The Pacific Ocean in the east, the vast Tibetan plateau in the west desert, Tien Shan and Mongolian plateau in the north and the great Himalayas and the forest of Brahmadesh in the south had separated China from the outside world for a long time. The Chinese civilisation flourished being uninfluenced by any external impact.
The history of ancient China is shrouded in mystery. Around 1700 B.C. a dynasty named Tsang was founded in China. After that Chu dynasty ruled over China. During the reign of Chu dynasty, a stable administration was established in China. Si-Whang-Ti, the great ruler of this dynasty built the Great Wall of China in order to project the country from foreign invasion.
Of course, he ordered to burn all the books of China except those books concerning agriculture, medicine, astrology for the creation of new literature in China. As a result of which many historical facts concerning ancient China could not be brought to lime light. After Chu dynasty, rulers of Han, Tang and Sung dynasties ruled over China.
At last, China was occupied by the Mongols in 1279 B.C. Due to the fertility of soil; agriculture was the chief occupation of the Chinese people. So, the people of China are called “Farmers of Forty Centuries’. Due to excess flood in the river Hwang-ho, it is called as the ‘Sorrow of China”.
However, the rulers of Chin dynasty built many dams on the river which facilitated for the cultivation of paddy, wheat, millet, tea etc. Silk and glass were massively used in China. The Chinese people also paid attention for the growth of trade and commerce, in many ways they contributed to the world civilization.