Supervised Study Technique for Teaching of History!
It is an important technique for teaching of history. This implies “Supervision of the teacher or a group of class of pupils, as they work at their desks or around their tables”.
While supervising his student’s tile teacher is available to his students whenever they find any difficulty. He is always ready to help and assist them when asked to do so.
“Supervised study is the effective direction and over-sight of the silent study and laboratory activities of the pupils.”
Pupil’s silent study may consist of reading, interpreting or writing activities and laboratory work. It may involve the collection or selection of reference material, preparation of illustrative aids, debates, discussions etc. It is thus clear that “supervised study is an activity period in which both teacher and the pupils work together to accomplish desirable goals.”
A supervised study can make the teacher to note various deficiencies of his pupils and he can then plan to make them up. Now educationists are of the firm opinion that school is the only place where a pupil can do much more work in a better way and lesser time? However, the work to be done under the supervision of a teacher must be interesting and enjoyable for the pupil.
Plans of Supervised Study:
The following plans are formed to be more helpful.
(i) The Conference Plan:
Under this plan the teacher remains in the class-room for another extra period and provides individual help to such students who lag behind in their studies. It is quite helpful for weak students to make up their deficiencies.
(ii) The Special Teacher Plan:
The special teacher appointed to help students must be very kind hearted, sympathetic and should possess a wide knowledge of many subjects. He must also have a sound knowledge of child psychology.
(iii) The Study Hall Plan:
A room set apart for supervised study is referred to as Study Hall. The students work in Study Hall and may get help from other pupils or from the teacher in case of difficulties. However, perfect discipline has to be maintained in the Study Hall.
For the purpose of class recitation, the following types of plans are used.
(i) The Divided-Period Plan:
In this plan the class-period time is divided between the usual class recitation and the supervised study. For this division the teacher provides the necessary direction and guidance. With such an arrangement students get ample opportunities for
(ii) The Double-Period Plan:
It is quite similar to divided-period plan except that two complete periods are set apart for his purpose instead of one.
(iii) The Fixed Study-Period Plan:
A number of head-masters recommend a fixed period for supervised study. It may be extra period added to school time-table or one hour a week for supervised study in each subject.